Doctrinal Statement

/Doctrinal Statement
Doctrinal Statement۱۳۹۶-۱۱-۲۸ ۲۲:۳۳:۰۲ +۰۰:۰۰

۱ The Confession of Faith

We believe the Scriptures contained in the Holy Bible to be the final authority in all matters of doctrine and practice. However we recognise the benefit of having a statement subordinate to the Scriptures to set out our beliefs in a systematic way. Our trustees believe in one of the following Protestant and Reformed historic confessions of faith reflects most fully and accurately the principal teachings of the Scriptures:

  • The 1689 Baptist Confession of Faith (the Second London Baptist Confession of Faith),

  • The Westminster Standards (Confession, Larger and Shorter Catechisms),

  • Savoy Declaration,

  • the Three Forms of Unity (the Belgic Confession, the Canons of Dort, and the Heidelberg Catechism)

WE BELIEVE IN:

۲ The Scriptures

The full and verbal inspiration of the Old Testament and New Testament Scriptures and of these alone,a being in themselves the Word of God, without error and wholly reliable in both fact and doctrine;b their final authority and perpetual sufficiency in all matters of faith and practice.c

Exo 24:4; 2 Sam 23:1-2; Jer ۱:۹; ۳۰:۱-۴; ۳۶:۱‑۲; ۱ Cor ۲:۱۲‑۱۳; ۲ Tim ۳:۱۵‑۱۷; Heb ۱:۱‑۲; ۲ Pet ۱:۱۹‑۲۱٫ — Psa ۱۹:۷‑۱۱; ۱۱۹:۱۴۰,۱۶۰; Dan ۱۰:۲۱; Matt ۵:۱۷‑۱۸; John ۱۰:۳۵; ۱۷:۱۷; Rom ۳:۱‑۲; ۱ Thes ۲:۱۳٫ — Isa ۸:۲۰; Luke ۱۶:۲۹‑۳۱; ۱ Cor ۱۴:۳۷; Rev ۲۲:۱۸‑۱۹٫

۳ The Trinity

The unity of the Godhead and the divine co-equality of the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit.a

a Gen 1:26; Num ۶:۲۴‑۲۷; Deut ۶:۴; Matt ۳:۱۶‑۱۷, ۲۸:۱۹; ۲ Cor ۱۳:۱۴; ۱ John ۵:۷; Rev ۱:۴‑۵٫

۴ The Sovereignty of God

The sovereignty of God in creation, providence and redemption.a

a Deu ۴:۳۹; Job ۲۳:۱۳; Psa ۱۱۵:۳, ۱۳۵:۶; Isa ۴۳:۱۳; ۴۶:۹‑۱۱; Dan ۴:۳۴‑۳۵; Eph ۱:۱۱٫

a. In Creation

In the beginning God created all things, including the first man and woman who were made after His own image in perfect righteousness. The biblical record of creation in the first two chapters of Genesis is historical, not mythical, hence the theory of evolution is contrary to the teaching of Scripture.a

Gen 1:1‑۳۱; Psa ۳۳:۶,۹; Isa ۴۲:۵; Acts 17:24‑۲۵; Rom ۱:۱‑۲۰; Rev ۴:۱۱٫

b. In Providence

In His infinite power and wisdom, God sustains and governs all creatures and things by His most wise and holy providence. Nothing happens by chance or outside the sphere of His providence. He is not, however in any way the author or approver of sin, nor does His providence detract at all from the responsibility of intelligent moral creatures.a

Job ۲۳:۱۴; Psa ۳۱:۱۵; ۱۰۳:۱۹; Prov ۱۶:۹; ۱۹:۲۱; Isa ۴۶:۹‑۱۰; Dan ۴:۳۵; Matt ۱۰:۲۹‑۳۱; Eph ۱:۱۱٫

c. In Redemption

God the Holy Spirit applies to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling. In this work we are convinced of our sin and wretchedness, gloriously enlightened in our minds to acknowledge our need of Christ and gloriously renewed in our wills to enable us to embrace Christ Jesus as freely offered to us in the Gospel. They who are effectually called become partakers of justification, adoption and sanctification.a

Luke ۱:۶۸‑۷۵; Eph ۱:۷;۴‑۱۴; Col ۱:۱۴; Tit ۲:۱۱‑۱۴; Heb ۹:۱۲; ۱ Pet ۱:۱۸‑۲۰; Rev ۵:۹٫

۵ The Lord Jesus Christ

The true and proper Deity of our Lord Jesus Christ;a His virgin birth;b His real and perfect manhood;c the authority of His teaching; and the infallibility of all His utterances;d His work of atonement for sinners of mankind by His substitutionary sufferings and death;e His bodily resurrectionf and His ascension into Heaven;g and His present priestly intercession for His people at the right hand of the Father.h

Psa ۴۵:۶; Isa ۹:۶; John ۱:۱; ۵:۱۸; ۱۴:۹‑۱۱; ۱۶:۱۵; ۲۰:۲۷; Rom ۹:۵; Phil ۲:۶; Col ۲:۹; Heb ۱:۳,۸; ۱ John ۵:۲۰٫ —Isa ۷:۱۴; Matt ۱:۱۸‑۲۳; Luke ۱:۲۶‑۳۵٫ —John ۱:۱۴; Phil ۲:۷; ۱ Tim 2:5; Heb ۴:۱۵; ۷:۲۶٫ — Matt ۷:۲۹; John ۷:۱۵‑۱۷; ۷:۴۶; ۱۲:۴۷‑۵۰٫ — Isa ۵۳:۴‑۶; Matt ۲۰:۲۸; Rom ۵:۶‑۱۱; ۲ Cor ۵:۲۱; Gal ۳:۱۳; ۱ Pet ۳:۱۷٫ — f Matt ۲۸:۱‑۶; Luke ۲۴:۳۶‑۴۳; John ۲۰:۲۴‑۲۹; ۱ Cor ۱۵:۴٫ — Mark 16:19; Acts ۱:۹‑۱۱; Eph ۱:۲۰‑۲۳; ۱ Pet ۳:۲۲٫ — h Rom ۸:۳۴; Heb ۷:۲۵; ۹:۲۴; ۱ John ۲:۱٫

۶ The Holy Spirit

Scripture teaches the absolute and essential deity and personality of the Holy Spirit.a He convinces of sin, righteousness and judgement, regenerates, baptises believers at conversion into the body of Christ, indwells, seals, sanctifies, illuminates and comforts them.b The work of the Holy Spirit is essential for a true and spiritual understanding of the Scriptures and for truly spiritual ministry and worship.c

۲ Sam ۲۳:۲‑۳; John ۱۴:۲۶; ۱۵:۲۶; ۱۶:۷; Acts ۵:۳‑۴٫ — John ۱۴:۲۶; ۱۵:۲۶; ۱۶:۷; Acts ۱۹:۲‑۵; Rom ۵:۵; ۱۵:۱۹; ۱ Cor ۳:۱۶; ۶:۱۱; Eph ۲:۲۲; Tit ۳:۴‑۷٫ — Isa ۶۱:۱; Rom ۸:۹; Gal ۴:۶٫

۷ The Law of God

God has commanded us to love Him with all our heart, soul, mind and strength and to love our neighbour as ourselves.a These two principles have been set forth in the Ten Commandments.b While no man can be justified by keeping the law, the Christian strives to obey it, out of love for God, as it reveals His will and comes with His authority.c

Deut ۶:۴‑۵; Matt ۲۲:۳۷‑۴۰; Mark ۱۲:۲۹‑۳۱; Luke ۱۰:۲۶‑۲۸٫ —Exo ۲۰:۱‑۱۷; ۳۴:۲۷‑۲۸; Deut ۴:۱۳; ۵:۶‑۲۱; Matt ۵:۱۷‑۱۹٫ — c Psa ۴۰:۸; ۱۱۹:۱۷۴; ۱۴۳:۱‑۲; John ۱۴:۲۱‑۲۳; Rom ۳:۳۱, ۲۰; ۳:۲۸; Gal ۳:۱۱; ۱ Tim ۱:۸‑۱۰; Jas ۱:۲۵٫

۸ The Doctrines of Grace

Those doctrines commonly known as the Doctrines of Grace – namely:

  • The total depravity of human nature in consequence of the fall, and the necessity for regeneration.a

a Gen ۶:۵; ۸:۲۱; ۲ Chr ۶:۳۶; Job ۱۴:۱‑۴; Psa ۱۴:۲‑۳; ۵۱:۵; ۵۸:۳; Jer ۱۷:۹; Mark ۷:۲۱‑۲۳; Rom ۳:۲۳; ۵:۱۲; ۸:۷-۸; ۱ Jn ۱:۸, ۱۰

  • The unconditional election to salvation by God of an innumerable number of sinners.a

a Matt ۲۲:۱۴; Mark ۱۳:۲۷; Rom ۹:۱۰‑۱۳,۱۶; Eph ۱:۴‑۶; ۲:۴,۱۰; ۲ Thes ۲:۱۳; Jas ۲:۵; ۱ Pet ۱:۲; Rev ۷:۹٫

  • Their particular redemption by the atoning sacrifice of the Lord Jesus Christ.a

a Isa ۵۳:۴‑۵; Matt ۱:۲۱; Rom ۹:۱۰‑۱۳; ۱۱:۷; ۲ Cor ۵:۲۱; Eph ۱:۴; ۵:۲۵; ۲ Thes 2:13; Tit ۲:۱۴; ۳:۵‑۶٫

  • Their effectual call through the gospel, wrought by the instrumentality of the Holy Spirit.a

a Deut ۳۰:۶; Ezek ۳۶:۲۶‑۲۷; John ۶:۳۷‑۴۰; Rom ۱:۶‑۷; ۹:۱۰‑۱۳; Eph ۱:۴; ۲ Thes ۲:۱۳; ۲ Tim ۱:۹٫

  • Their perseverance in faith as they are kept by the power of God, thus assuring them of eternal salvation.a

a Job ۱۷:۹; Isa ۴۳:۱‑۷; ۵۴:۱۰; Jer ۳۲:۴۰; John ۱۰:۲۷‑۳۰; Rom ۸:۳۵‑۳۹; Phil ۱:۶; ۱ Pet ۱:۵; Jude ۲۴‑۲۵٫

۹ Justification by Faith

The justification of the sinner solely by faith in our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ.a

a Isa ۴۵:۲۵; Jer ۲۳:۶; Hab ۲:۳‑۴; Acts ۱۳:۳۸‑۳۹; Rom ۳:۲۲‑۲۶,۲۸; ۵:۱۷; ۸:۳۳; Gal ۲:۱۶; Phil ۳:۸‑۹٫

۱۰ Sanctification

Those who are justified by faith in Jesus Christ are progressively renewed after the image of God.a This is a work of the Holy Spirit Who dwells in all believers.b They are thus increasingly enabled to pursue a life of holiness, though never attaining to perfection in this world.c

a Matt ۵:۸; Eph ۴:۲۱‑۲۴; ۲ Tim ۲:۱۹; Heb ۱۲:۱۴; ۱ Pet 1:15‑۱۶; ۱ John ۲:۱۵‑۱۶٫ — b ۱ Cor ۱:۳۰; ۲ Cor 6:17; Eph ۱:۴; Phil ۲:۱۲‑۱۳; Heb ۱۳:۱۲٫ — c Psa ۳۲:۵; ۵۱:۱۰; ۸۹:۳۱‑۳۳; Rom ۷:۱۴‑۲۵; Matt ۲۶:۷۵; ۱ John ۱:۸,۱۰٫

۱۱ The Church of Christ

The universal church, the body of which Christ is the Head, embraces all the redeemed, called by God through the Gospel, born of the Spirit and justified by faith.a It manifests itself in local congregations comprised of those who have received salvation through Christ.b The marks of a true local church are the faithful preaching of the word of God, the administration of the ordinances of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper and the exercise of biblical discipline. Fellowship between like-minded churches is a further manifestation of the unity of the body of Christ.c

a Matt ۱۶:۱۸; Acts ۲۰:۲۸; Eph ۱:۲۲; ۳:۱۰; ۳:۲۱; ۵:۲۳‑۳۲; Col ۱:۱۸‑۲۴; Heb ۱۲:۲۳٫ — b Matt ۱۸:۱۷; Acts ۲:۴۴‑۴۷; ۱۱:۲۲; ۱۳:۱; ۱۵:۴۱; ۱۶:۵; Rom ۱۶:۱,۵,۱۶; ۱ Cor ۱:۲; Gal ۱:۲٫ — c Acts ۱۵:۱‑۴,۲۲‑۳۱; ۱ Cor ۱۶:۱‑۳; ۲ Cor ۸:۱۹,۲۳; Col ۴:۱۵‑۱۶٫

۱۲ Baptism and the Lord’s Supper

The ordinances of Baptism and the Lord’s Supper as being instituted by our Lord Jesus Christ,a but not in Baptism as conveying regenerating grace,b nor in the Lord’s Supper as being a sacrifice for sin nor involving any change in the substance of the bread and wine.c

a Matt ۲۸:۱۹; Mark ۱۶:۱۵‑۱۵; ۱ Cor 11:23‑۳۲٫ — Acts ۸:۱۳,۲۰‑۲۳; ۸:۳۶‑۳۷; ۱۰:۴۴,۴۷; ۱۶:۱۴‑۱۵; ۱۸:۸; ۱ Cor ۱:۱۷,۲۱٫ — c Matt ۲۶:۲۹; ۱ Cor ۱۱:۲۶‑۲۸; Heb ۷:۲۳,۲۷‑۲۸; ۹:۲۵‑۲۸; ۱۰:۱۱‑۱۳٫

۱۳ The Personal Return of Christ

The personal and visible return of the Lord Jesus Christ in glory.a

a Matt ۱۶:۲۷; ۲۵:۳۱; John ۱۴:۳; Acts ۱:۱۱; ۳:۲۰‑۲۱; ۱ Cor ۱:۷; Phil ۳:۲۰; Col ۳:۴; ۱ Thes ۱:۱۰; ۲:۱۹; ۳:۱۳; ۴:۱۶‑۱۷; ۵:۲۳; ۲ Thes ۱:۷‑۱۰; ۱ Tim ۶:۱۴; Tit ۲:۱۳; Heb ۹:۲۸; Jude ۱۴; Rev ۱:۷; ۲۲:۷,۱۲,۲۰٫

۱۴ The Resurrection of the Body

The resurrection of the body;a the judgement of the world by our Lord Jesus Christ,b with the eternal blessedness of the righteousc and the eternal conscious punishment of the wicked.d

a Job ۱۹:۲۶; Isa ۲۶:۱۹; John ۵:۲۸‑۲۹; ۶:۳۹‑۴۰; Acts ۴:۲; ۲۴:۱۵; Rom ۸:۱۱; ۱ Cor ۱۵:۲۰‑۲۳,۴۲‑۴۵,۴۸‑۵۴; Phil ۳:۲۱٫ — b Matt ۲۵:۳۱‑۳۴; John ۵:۲۲; Acts ۱۰:۴۲; ۱۷:۳۱; Rom ۲:۱۶; ۱۴:۱۰‑۱۲; ۲ Cor ۵:۱۰; ۲ Tim ۴:۱; Rev ۲۰: ۱‑۱۲٫ —c Matt ۲۵:۳۴,۴۶; John ۱۰:۲۸; ۱ Cor ۱۵:۵۳; ۱ Thes 4:17; 2 Tim 2:10; 1 Pet 1:4; 2 Pet ۱:۱۱; Rev ۲۲:۳‑۵٫ — d Matt ۲۵:۴۱,۴۶; Mark ۹:۴۴; ۲ Thes ۱:۹; Jude ۱۳; Rev ۱۴:۹‑۱۱٫

۱۵ The Personality of Satan

Satan is a personal spiritual being,a a fallen angel,b the father of lies, a murderer from the beginning,c and the great deceiver of all nations, and individuals.d He has been defeated in consequence of the Saviour’s death and resurrection,e and is to be finally committed on the last day to the lake of fire with all his angels.f

a Gen ۳:۱۴‑۱۵; Job ۱:۶-۱۲; ۲:۱‑۴; Zech ۳:۲; Matt ۴:۱‑۱۱; Luke ۴:۱‑۱۳; Jas ۴:۷; ۱ Pet ۵:۸٫ — b Isa ۱۴:۱۲; Rev ۹:۱۱٫ — c John ۸:۴۴; ۲ Thes ۲:۹٫ — d Isa ۱۴:۱۲; ۲ Cor ۱۱:۱۴‑۱۵; ۱ John ۳:۸; Rev ۱۲:۹٫ — e Gen ۳:۱۵; John ۱۲:۳۰‑۳۲; ۲ Thes ۲:۸; Heb ۲:۱۴; ۱ John 3:8. — f Matt ۲۵:۴۱; Rev ۲۰:۱۰٫

۱۶ Worship and The Lord’s Day

The triune God is to be worshippeda as revealed in His Wordb with reverence and godly fear.c God has set apart one day in seven to be kept holy, the observance of which is binding upon all men.d This day, originally appointed at Creation as the seventh day of the weeke was changed at Christ’s resurrection to the first day of the week, the Lord’s Day.f It is designed for man’s benefit, and is to be used for rest from labour, and from recreation and entertainment of a secular nature,gso that the whole person might be refreshed, and the whole day occupied in the worship and service of the Lord. Although no detailed instructions are given in Scripture as to the way in which this day is to be kept, allowance is clearly made for works of mercy and necessity.h

a Exod ۲۰:۳; Psa ۸۶:۹; ۱۴۵:۳‑۵,۲۱; ۱۵۰:۱‑۶; Isa ۴۲:۸; Matt ۴:۱۰; Mark ۱۲:۳۲‑۳۳; ۱ Cor ۶:۲۰; Rev ۱۹:۱۰; ۲۲:۸‑۹٫ — b Exod ۲۰:۴‑۶; Lev ۱۰:۱‑۲; Deut ۴:۲; ۱۲:۳۲; ۱ Chr ۱۵:۱۳‑۱۵; Ezra ۳:۲,۴; Jer ۷:۳۱; Matt ۱۵:۳‑۹; ۲۸:۲۰; Mark ۷:۶‑۹; Acts ۲:۴۲; ۱ Cor ۱۱:۲, ۲۳٫ — c Exod ۱۵:۱۱; Psa ۳۳:۸‑۹; Prov ۱:۷; Jer ۱۰:۷; Heb ۱۲:۲۸; Rev ۴:۱۱٫ — d Gen ۲:۳; Exod ۲۰:۸‑۱۱; Mark ۲:۲۷‑۲۸; Luke ۴:۱۶,۳۱; John ۲۰:۱,۱۹,۲۶; Acts ۲:۱; ۲۰:۷; ۱ Cor ۱۶:۱‑۲; Rev ۱:۱۰٫ — e Gen ۲:۲-۳; Exod ۲۰:۸‑۱۱; Deut ۵:۱۴٫ — f Mark ۱۶:۹; Luke ۲۴:۱,۳۳,۳۶; John ۲۰:۱۹‑۲۰,۲۶; Acts ۲۰:۷; ۱ Cor ۱۶:۲٫ — g Exod ۲۰:۹‑۱۰; ۳۴:۲۱; Lev ۲۳:۳; Deut ۵:۱۴; Neh ۱۳:۱۵‑۲۰; Jer ۱۷:۲۱‑۲۲; Isa ۵۸:۱۳; Luke ۲۳:۵۶٫ — h Matt ۱۲:۱,۱۰-۱۳; Luke ۱۳:۱۶٫

۱۷ Evangelism and Mission

Faith comes by hearing the Word of God. It is therefore the duty of every church and church-based ministries to seek to extend the gospel to all men everywhere. Only those methods which do not conflict with biblical principles are to be used.a

a Psa ۲۲:۲۷; ۹۶:۳; Isa ۲:۲; ۱۱:۹‑۱۰; Jonah ۳:۲; Mal ۱:۱۱; Matt ۲۴:۱۴; ۲۸:۱۹‑۲۰; Mark ۱۶:۱۵,۲۰; Luke ۲۴:۴۷; Acts ۸:۴‑۶,۲۵,۲۶‑۳۰,۴۰; ۱۳:۲‑۵; ۱۴:۲۷; Rev ۱۴:۶٫

۱۸ The State

Civil government is ordained of God and it is the duty of Christians to obey those who have the rule over them, provided that no demands made by the State conflict with the teaching of Scripture.a

a ۲ Sam ۲۳:۳; Psa ۸۲:۳‑۴; Luke ۳:۱۲‑۱۴; Acts ۴:۱۸‑۱۹; Rom ۱۳:۱‑۷; ۱ Pet ۲:۱۳‑۱۴,۱۷; ۱ Tim ۲:۱‑۲٫